When you are writing test cases, it is important to think like a user and include all the important details. Working hard to write good test cases upfront will save your time and effort. In addition to this, a good test case management tool helps in efficient and smooth working processes.
Before this, you must know about 8 main types of test cases that the testers write.
1. Functionality Test Cases
These are the most famous test cases which are used to discover if an app’s interface function with the rest of the users and the system. These play an important role in identifying the failure or success of functions that the client expects software to perform.
The cases are a kind of black-box testing that utilizes for its base, the specifications or user stories of the software being tested. This enables the tests to be performed without requiring access to the internal or working structures of the software under test. The QA team are generally the writers of functionality test cases because the task falls within regular QA processes.
2. User Interface Test Cases
Another type of test case, also called user interface test case helps to verify that particular pieces of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) look and function as per the expectations. These sort of test cases can identify cosmetic discrepancies, spelling and grammar errors, links and any other elements that user sees or interacts.
The testing team writes the test cases with the help of the design team because they are familiar with the user interface. User interface test cases are the sort of test cases in software testing that typically drives cross-browser testing. Browsers incline to extract things in a different way, and user interface test cases assist to guarantee that your app performs reliably across multiple browsers.
3. Performance Test Cases
Performance test cases authenticate the overall effectiveness and response times of an app. These test cases have a clear set of success standards.
The testing team characteristically writes these test cases and they are frequently automated. A huge number of apps can have thousands or hundreds of performance tests. Automating these tests and running them often helps show scenarios where the app is not performing as per the expectations.
These cases should be written once the product team has given the performance requirements to the testing team. Nevertheless, the majority of the issues can be recognized manually without having stated requirements.
4. Integration Test Cases
Integration test cases play an important role in determining the way various modules interact with each other. The main aim is to guarantee that the interfaces between different modules are functioning appropriately.
The testing team pinpoints the areas that must experience integration testing. Whereas, the development team will contribute on the way test cases must be written. One of these two teams perhaps works on writing these cases. They validate that modules that are working individually and together.
5. Usability Test Cases
Usability tests often known as scenarios or tasks present a tester with a task or high-level scenario to complete. Usability test cases identify the way the user uses and naturally approaches the app. They assist in guiding the tester through different flows and situations. Prior knowledge of the app is also important.
6. Database Test Cases
These test cases examine what’s happening behind the scenes i.e. clean user interface, and everything appears to be functioning as expected.
You must have a very strong understanding of the entire app, stored processes and database tables, in order to write these test cases. The testing team sometime utilize SQL queries to create database test cases.
7. Security Test Cases
Security test cases assist to guarantee that the app limits permissions and actions when needed. The main aim of writing these test cases is to protect data when and where it requires to be protected. These test cases are used to drive security-based tests and penetration testing.
8. User Acceptance Test Cases
These are called UAT test cases because they assist the team to test user acceptance testing environment. These test cases are extensive and cover all areas of the app. The main objective of these test cases isn’t to look for bugs but to verify apps acceptability to the users.